Are you asking the right questions?

Jonas Salk was one of the greatest scientific minds in American history. He is most well known for discovering and developing the first safe and effective vaccine for polio.

He once said “What people think of as the moment of discovery is really the discovery of the question.”

If you, as a sales professional, can keep this solid bit of wisdom in mind, you will open the door to deeper and more effective discovery calls with your buyers.

Think about the act of buying. When a customer sets out to buy something, they start the process by asking themselves a question. “How can we grow revenue 15% per year?” Or, “How can we increase productivity by 5%?”

It’s the process of answering that question that drives their buying process.

What are the barriers that are preventing us from achieving our goal?

Are we being too aggressive or too conservative in our plans?

What are the options we have for surmounting those barriers and achieving our desired outcomes?

The challenge for a salesperson is to uncover that main question, and even more importantly, understand those questions that underpin it.

In fact, this is the danger zone for too many sales reps.

You ask the first question on your list of discovery questions and record the answer. And, then you dutifully move right onto the second question on your list.

What you should be doing instead is keep digging into the prospect’s answers.

Because, just when you feel that you’ve gotten to the “Aha!” moment of discovery, where you really believe that you understand the buyer’s requirements, that’s when you need to keep in mind Jonas Salk’s words.

It’s at that moment you need to ask yourself: have I uncovered the essential question, the real question, that the buyer is trying to answer?

It’s at that moment when you have to push back against the sense of confidence you might be feeling about having discovered the buyer's requirements. Because if you become satisfied at this point then you’re going to miss the real question.

The most effective way to keep digging is by asking effective follow-up questions. These questions prompts buyers to reveal layer after layer of their thinking.

You: What are the biggest obstacles you face in achieving your growth targets?

Buyer: On-boarding new employees quickly enough to support our growth.

You: I see. That’s certainly a challenge. And what else can you tell me about that?

'And what else can you tell me about that?’ Michael Bungay Stanier, author of the bestselling book The Coaching Habit, calls this the AWE question.

I call it the world’s best follow-up question because it signals to your buyers that you’re not just going through the motions. Instead it demonstrates that you are authentically interested in learning more about how you can help.

The AWE question invites the buyer to respond to your curiosity with details about their goals, objectives and challenges that they aren’t providing to your competitors.

Until you know the question the buyer is trying to answer you need to keep cranking up your curiosity. And asking more questions. And AWE questions.

Resist the urge to do the usual robotic drive-by questioning of your buyers that has the unpleasant vibe of an interrogation.

Ask one question at a time. Just one question at a time.

Listen slowly, and without judgment, to the answer.

Then ask the “and what else can you tell me about that?” question.

And, when you think you've gotten to the heart of that matter, ask yourself one more time:

What's the real question the buyer is trying to answer?